Extracts from the Archives 1 st Arundel Scout Group

Extracts from the Archives 1 st Arundel Scout Group

(Arundel Scouts in the Great War 1914 – 1918)

Extracts from the Archives

1st Arundel Scout Group

(Arundel Scouts in the Great War 1914 – 1918)

These extracts were collated and recorded in 1958 by

Skipper H R Phillips and are based on contemporary records made in the early years of the group by Messrs W H Ayling, F Kendall, J B Daughtry,  R Haskett, R Swaffield, and T N Gunner.

Additional information is included as a result of research undertaken by a local group under the direction of the Arundel Museum, with support from the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Also included is a brief report on the Great War Battlefields Tour undertaken by Arundel Scouts and Centurion Explorer Scouts in October 2018, on the 100th anniversary of  the end of hostilities.

Bob Rendall

Explorer Scout Leader

Centurion Explorers, Arundel

Arundel Scouts 1914 – 1918

Great War Battlefields Tours 2018

I do not think I am exaggerating when I say that the young boyhood of our country, represented by the Boy Scouts Association, shares the laurels for having been

prepared with the old and trusted Army and Navy … within a month of the outbreak of war (they were) able to give the most energetic and intelligent help in all kinds of service. When the boyhood of a nation can give such practical proofs of its honour, straightness and loyalty, there is not much danger of that nation going under.

Lloyd George, Prime Minister 1917

  • So the Summer went on; a happy carefree existence for us, as for millions of

other people, and then – England was at war. All the male Scouters were also members of the Territorial Army, and on August 4th were already “under Canvas” with various Territorial Units. At one stroke the Troop lost all its male leaders.

Before the month was over two patrol Leaders and two Scouts had enlisted, another Patrol leader following them shortly afterwards. Normally a Scout is truthful, but it must be recorded that some of our fellows lied, brazenly and unblushingly, when stating their age at the recruiting office. Those that were left carried on valiantly, jobs were found for Scouts in many directions.

The Arundel Scouts and their band

that often accompanied recruits to the railway station

Roads and Railways

Although the armed forces were in a state of readiness, the country as a whole was quite unprepared and improvisation was the order of the day. Swarms of spies and

other enemy agents were quite erroneously assumed to be everywhere and the first job we got, the day after war was declared, was to patrol the roads on the lookout for enemy agents cutting telegraph wires.

There were five scouts (Saunston, Langrish, S Martin, Allen and Slaughter) camped in a barn at Sir Harry Johnstons, Poling – for duty at Poling crossroads. Others were detailed for the Chichester Road (Haskett and Stone were stationed in the Club Room at the Royal Oak Inn, whist others were stationed in a stable at the White Swan where their rest was disturbed by numerous rats. This group included G Daughtry, J Styles, C Martin and J Allen.

Mrs Powell who had taken over the Troop wrote in reply to an enquiry,

“When one thinks of it, it was a very wonderful thing that those boys did. I was rung up by the Superintendent of Police in Arundel and told that the Scouts were to be responsible for eight miles of road and the railway from Amberley Tunnel to Arundel Station and those youngsters did it. They slept out in tents and barns by themselves and spent nights on the railway bridges alone”

The dream of many Scouts and Special Constables was to find a spy.

Boy Scout “ ‘Scuse me Mum ‘av yer seen and Germans about ‘ere?”

Coast Watching

Scouts were employed at Coastguard Stations all around the coast to assist with coast watching duties. The scouts were to be supervised by the Coastguard but would actually be under the orders of their Patrol Leaders. Scout troops throughout the country immediately offered their services to guard the coasts.

Boy Scout “Sketching the harbour’s not allowed.”

Artist “Confound you! My name’s Cadmium Brown, and ….”

Boy Scout “Carry on, then. We’ve got orders to treat you as harmless.”

Some of the Arundel boys were stationed at East Preston for this work and a postcard dated 23rd January 1915, shows Jack Haggett and Jack Langrish, with some of the 2nd Littlehampton Scouts, outside their headquarters, the Coastguard Boathouse. Colonel C. C. R. Murphy states in ‘Scouting in Sussex’ (1948) ‘they were under a Patrol Leader and except for an allowance of sixpence a week were entirely self-supporting. They slept in hammocks in a cottage and were visited by Baden Powell in 1915.’

Signalling

In the pre-war years the Scout Troop had become very interested in wireless telephony which was then in its infancy. The Troop applied for a licence and between 1911 and 1914 had many hours of fun listening for and receiving Morse code signals. It was a never to be forgotten thrill to hear Morse signals coming from the Eiffel Tower. So proficient were some of the Scouts that at the outbreak of the war one of them joined the Royal Engineers as a fully qualified telegraphist. With the outbreak of war (August 1914) all amateur wireless stations were closed down. The Arundel Troop’s equipment was packed away until in 1915 when it was requisitioned by His Majesty’s postmaster General.

During the latter part of 1914 another job was given to the Troop. Signallers were wanted. During the last few years signalling had become a popular pastime with the Troop and some of the boys were very proficient. Mr Gunner’s diary quotes.

“August 25th. With 15 Scouts was sent to do duty at Amberley tunnel. Camped above tunnel and mounted guard at tunnel mouth during daytime. Relieved by armed guard at night. By lamp, flag and heliograph we were in constant touch with our signalling station at Dry Lodge, who were in touch with a station on the Castle Keep.”

How long these signal stations were manned we do not know, but it is likely that the Scouts were soon replaced by a military guard.

Collecting Eggs

Reproduced courtesy of the National Farmers’ Union

National egg collection

Eggs were collected for the troops and the hospitals. Egg Collection points were set up, so that farmers and other chicken owners could contribute eggs to be sent to the troops. The nearest collection point to Arundel was Chichester. The Arundel Scouts spent a lot of time collecting eggs for this campaign.

An appeal had been made for eggs for use in military hospitals. Thousands of wounded men were arriving in England and part of Graylingwell Hospital in Chichester had been taken over by the Army. Scouts undertook the collection of eggs and those prominent locally were Dick and Geoff Blackman and Bob Haskett.

Bob Haskett’s account of the work some years later was recorded by H R Phillips.

“ ‘Bout 1915 a tidy lot of sojers was in hospital over at Graylingwell. Very comfortable they was but the couldn’t get no eggs. Mrs Close wot lived over at Shopwyke House rackoned summat ought to be done and someone told she to get they Scouts on the job. Find anything they would, so Mrs Close said.

Well, we started.’ouse to ‘ouse with a blooming gurt Egg Box – Eggs was like dimonds and we never got many, but people was good. 3d. 6d and sometimes 1/- in the tin box wot we had, and “please bye eggs for we”.

We was lucky. We found Mas Budd out Warningcamp wot had some chickens and we asked he for his spare eggs; told he wot we wanted ‘em for and we got ‘em. He got eggs from all over the place fer we.

We had Egg Dances Egg Flag days and all sorts, and all the profits was turned into eggs. What was pleasant was that all the boxes was sent free by rail to Chichester and returned free.

When it was all over they gave we a sustficate saying how many eggs we got. Fur as I can remember there was over 30000 sent from Arundel or praps it was 300000. I can’t remember. Even 30000 would make quite a good sized omelette.”

Working on the land

Scouts in the First World War were asked to carry out many different types of duty, partly to release men for service in the military. One of the less glamorous but most important tasks the Scouts carried out was to assist farmers on the land. Whilst no direct evidence has been found it is highly likely that many of the scouts not taken up in other work would have worked on the Arundel Estate as many of the men from the estate ‘joined up’ during the early part of the war.

If I were to form the highest ideal for my country, it would be this … that it should be a nation of which the manhood was exclusively composed of men  who have been, or where, Boy Scouts and were trained in the Boy Scout theory. Such a nation would be the honour of mankind. It would be the greatest moral force the world has ever known.

Lord Roseberry,

Arundel Scouts 1914 – 1918

Those who served and came home

Arundel Scouts and Leaders who served in the Great War 1914 – 1918 All those named are listed in various documents and photographs in the

1stArundel (Earl of Arundel’s Own) Scouts Archive.

NamesNotes
AYLING William HaroldSignaller Royal Engineers
ALLEN JockNavy Q ships (Merchant ships hunting U boats)
BEADLE BPrivate, 4th Royal Sussex Regiment, Wounded 1916
BENNETT Reginald CharlesPrivate 1st Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment
BALCHIN L APrivate, 2nd Royal Sussex Regiment
BLACKMAN RichardPrivate, Army Service Corps
George
BLACKMAN GeoffreyGuardsman, Grenadier Guards
Harold
Capt.CONSTABLE Guy4th Royal Sussex Regiment, Awarded Military Cross in
Sefton Lieutenant Colonel1917
MC
DALTON Leslie Benjamin10th Essex regiment, Wounded 1918
GILBERT JackPrivate, Royal West Kent Regiment,
GILBERT Claude EdwardMerchant Marine
GILBERT FrederickSeaman, Royal navy HMS Donegal,
GUNNER Henry RaymondSecond Lieutenant 5th Royal Irish Regiment
HAGGETT William (Buster)Private, 4th Royal Sussex Regiment. Wounded in
Gallipoli 1915
HAGGETT Arthur ErnestSergeant4th Royal Sussex Regiment City of London
Fusiliers
HULLS Richard William Jnr.Second Lieutenant, Royal Sussex Regiment,
MATES Arthur JamesGunner, 12th Field Artillery,
MILLS EPrivate, Hampshire Regiment Wounded 1916
PHILLIPS H RQuartermaster Sergeant, Royal Engineers,
RUMSEY F FPrivate, 4th Royal Sussex Regiment Wounded in Action
1917
REED William HenryPrivate, Royal Field Artillery,
STONE E PRoll of Honour
TREAGUS Bertram PercivalGuardsman, Coldstream Guards
TWINE George BernardPrivate, 4th and 16th Royal Sussex Regiments Wounded
in Action 1917
TULLEY WPrivate Wounded in July 1918

Arundel Scouts 1914 – 1918

Those who served and did not return

Arundel Scouts and Leaders who served in the Great War 1914 – 1918 All those named are listed in various documents and photographs in the

1stArundel (Earl of Arundel’s Own) Scouts Archive.

Those marked with + are found on the Arundel War Memorial

Those marked  ++ are listed on the Arundel Post Office Memorial

NamesNotes
CARVER Charles James ++Corporal, Royal Sussex Regiment 15 Bond Street,
Arundel Post Office Staff. Killed in Action
CARVER Alfred George +Musician PO/1806, H.M.S. “Monmouth”, Royal Marine
Band. Lost with the Cruiser off the Coronel Islands 1st
November 1914. Aged 18. Son of Alfred & Elizabeth
Carver of 13, Ford Road, Arundel. Commemorated on
The Portsmouth Naval Memorial MR. 3.
DALTON Reginald D C +Sick Berth Attendant M/3392, H.M.S. “Tipperary”, Royal
Navy. Grand Fleet Flotilla Leader. Lost with the ship
during the night action of the Battle of Jutland 1st June
1916. Aged 23. Son of Mr. & Mrs. Claude Dalton of The
High Street, Arundel. Buried in Egersund Churchyard,
South West Norway.
MILLS George Arthur +Lance Sergeant G/17873, 12th Battalion, Royal Sussex
Regiment. 39th Division. Killed in action at Ypres 25th
September 1917. Aged 24. Son of Mrs. Mary Matilda
Gilbert of 2, Queens Lane, Arundel. Born in Arundel &
enlisted in Horsham Commemorated on The Tyne Cot
Memorial, Belgium MR. 30.
PAGE Ernest +Private TF/320100, 16th Battalion, Royal Sussex
Regiment. 74th Division. Killed in action 16th
September 1918. Aged 22. Son of Arthur & Ellen Page
of “Fir Tree Cottage”, Boxgrove. Born in Lyminster &
enlisted in Arundel. Included on Lyminster Parish
Church & Boxgrove Priory War Memorials. Buried in
Peronne Communal Cemetery Extension F. 511
PAGE Albert Thomas +Private 78193, 9th Battalion, The Royal Fusiliers. 37th
Division. Killed in action near Amiens August 8th
August 1918. Brother of Mrs. L. E. Mills of Lyminster
Lane, Warningcamp. Born in Cross Bush near Arundel
& enlisted in Brighton. Lyminster W. M. Buried in
Beacon Cemetery, Sailly Laurette F. 247.
STAMP Victor A G +Private TF/200230, 1/4th Battalion, Royal Sussex
Regiment. 53rd Division. Killed in action at First Battle
of Gaza 26th March 1917. Born & enlisted in Arundel
Commemorated on The Jerusalem Memorial MR. 34

1st ARUNDEL SCOUT TROOP

Focus on

CONSTABLE Guy Sefton Lieutenant Colonel MC

4th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment- Awarded Military Cross in 1917

Scout Master 1911 – 1914  and Mayor of Arundel 1914 and 1918

During the time Captain Constable led the Troop it flourished and many boys from Arundel benefited greatly under his leadership gaining the skills that would stand them in good stead for the forthcoming war. The Constable family were involved in Scouting in both Arundel and Littlehampton.

A Scout

presentation at Arundel Castle. The picture

shows the 15th and 16th Dukes and Guy Constable.

Boy Scouts marching up the High Street in Arundel with Joan Constable watching.

A cartoon possibly drawn by one of the Scout Troop leaders shows GSC  with his dog ‘frolie’

The Constable family owned both the Swallow Brewery on Queen Street, Arundel and the Anchor Brewery, Littlehampton. In 1914, 38 men from these breweries left to serve King and Country. Amongst their number was Major Guy Constable, head of the Swallow Brewery, and his nephew, Captain Basil Constable who ran the Anchor Brewery. Both men served with the 4th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment. Captain Constable along with brewery staff Private Arthur Kendall and Private John Silverlock were killed in action at Suvla Bay during the Gallipoli campaign in August 1915.

By the end of the war 91 staff from the Constable breweries had served. Ten of the workers had been killed in action, six of them from Arundel, and 14 had been wounded. The Swallow Brewery not only lost men but also horses to the war effort.

Shortly after the declaration of war 40 horses from Arundel including the brewery’s dray horses were requisitioned for military service.

Other Arundel employers whose staff fought in the Great War included the Swallow Brewery, the West Sussex Gazette, Penfold’s and the Post Office.

Before the war Major Constable had been both a Scout Master and Mayor of Arundel. The following cartoon, again probably drawn by one of the Scout Leaders, shows the Mayor in Scout uniform. Alongside the cartoon is a photograph of The Mayor reproduced courtesy of Arundel Town Council

In August 1917 Constable was awarded the Military Cross for having shown ‘initiative and gallantry’ at the First Battle of Gaza while holding an advanced position under heavy fire near enemy lines despite being wounded.

Presentation of colours to both Arundel Troops in July 2014 just before the declaration of war, Guy Constable is in the back row centre left.

1st ARUNDEL SCOUT TROOP

Focus on

STEDMAN GF (Frank) Corporal in the 2/1st Surrey Yeomanry, commissioned

into 3/1st Home Counties Brigade, Royal Field Artillery – wounded 1917

Frank Stedman was a member of the Arundel Scout Troop prior to the outbreak of the war. There are very few records of his role but he does feature in one photograph in his Scout uniform.

Frank Stedman in

Uniform 1910

The Stedman family: George Stedman was a shoeing smith in Arundel. During the war he was an orderly at the VAD hospital. His son Frank was a member of the territorial reserves and joined up on the outbreak of war. He was promoted through the ranks and gained officer ranking. His younger brother Joseph was too young to join up on the outbreak of war but did enrol once he was old enough to serve.

Frank is shown in his Territorial uniform and his brother Joseph in his Scout uniform. His father is wearing his VAD hospital uniform.

Frank enlisted in the 2/1st Sussex Yeomanry on 25th September 1914. Based on the home front throughout the war, they were a mounted territorial unit that trained men for the reserve. In May 1917 Frank became a temporary 2nd Lieutenant in the 3/1st Home Counties Brigade, Royal Field Artillery. In September 1917, he was severely wounded at Passchendaele by a bomb fragment, which broke his jaw and wounded his shoulder. He was also gassed.

From hospital in France and then from the Queen Alexandra Military Hospital for Officers in London, Frank wrote cheery letters to his parents. In them he described his injuries and treatment but reassured them he was being well cared for. However, his need for ongoing treatment resulted in him leaving the army due to ill health in April 1919.

In June 1919 Frank married Bessie Spinks and they had two children. Frank returned to work for the West Sussex Gazette and later the Worthing Gazette, rising to the position of News Editor. He died in 1940 at the age of 48 and his obituary in the Worthing Gazette, says that he fought ‘an almost constant struggle against ill-health – a legacy of the [Great] war’.

1st ARUNDEL SCOUT TROOP

Focus on

DALTON Reginald D C + Private, Royal Navy, HMS Grafton,

HMS Tipperary lost at sea 1916

Reginald Dalton was baptised in St Nicholas Church, Arundel on 29th October 1893 and was one of the earliest members of the Arundel Scout Troop. He is seen in the back row aged approx.16 years old in this 1909 photograph. Few other details exist of his time as a Scout.

Reginald was living at home with his
Reg was a member of the Satparents and siblings at Verona
Nicholas Church Choir.Terrace, Arundel prior to his
enlistment

Reg. Dalton signed up with the Royal

Navy on 30th August 1911.

In 1916 he was a member of crew on HMS Tipperary which with the rest of the fleet was involved in the Battle of Jutland. On June 1st the ship went down with all hands lost.

Reg’s body was recovered off the small town of Egersund along with other British and German servicemen. The story of how the local population created a final

A letter home from Gallipoli in Southern Italy resting place for these men and then communicated with family

members is extremely moving.

Arundel Scouts and Centurion Explorer Scouts

Great War Battlefields Tours October 2016 and 2018

Over the last few years a number of projects have been undertaken locally, looking at how Arundel was involved in the Great War. As the 1st Arundel Scout Troop was formed in 1908 it was decided to look through the archives of the Group to see what could be discovered. The results of the search showed that at least thirty two men and boys served and many of the younger Scouts undertook voluntary work at home to support the war effort. The results of the research have been recorded in a number of panels that form part of the Arundel in the Great War collection.

Of the thirty two Scouts and Leaders who served there were seven who did not come home. Six are remembered on the Arundel War Memorial and one on the memorial in Arundel Post office. As four of the men are either buried or commemorated on the battlefields of Belgium and France, it was decided that the Scouts and Explorer Scouts should visit the battlefields during the autumn half term to pay their respects to the Scouts who did not return. Prior to the trip the Scouts collected some stones from the beach in Littlehampton and decorated them with poppies and a message. The stones were then placed on the graves and memorials.

Our group visited many of the Great War sites including Passchendaele, the Messines Ridge, the Flanders Field Museum, the Tyne Cot Cemetery and the Thiepval Memorial. The visit to Talbot House where rank was left at the door was particularly memorable, as was the visit to the Menin Gate where we were privileged to lay a wreath as part of the Last Post Ceremony, in memory of all those Scouts who served and did not come home.

.

.

Commemorating

four Arundel Scouts who gave their lives during

The Great War 1914 – 1918

Everyone was given records of graves and memorials of fallen service men who shared their surname. The task was to locate the grave or memorial and place a British Legion Cross with a brief message in memory of that soldier.

M FarrellyFrom one Farrelly to another, your service 100 years ago led to our
safety 100 years later. We will remember you.
L NesbittThank you for defending our lands and leaving your family for us. It
must have been heart breaking to fire a gun in anger.
A ChapmanI am sad not to have known you and pay my respects to you. I am
honoured to share my name with you, who laid down your life for the
freedom of the world.
E ClarkPeace is yours at last,
Away from the battle’s blast,
Rest eternal in the place of peace, Let the horrors of
war forever cease
For those who left never to return, for those who returned but are
never the same. We will remember them.
T H ClarkTo you the glorious dead who gave the ultimate sacrifice for the
honour of King and country at an unimaginable age. Your name will
live for ever more. We will remember them.
D BradleyWe have you to thank for the lives we live now. With your sacrifice you
let some light to be shown into this dark world. We will never forget
you and use you and your comrades sacrifices as lessons for the
future generations to come. We will remember you all.
R BeattieI am honoured to have an ancestor fighting to save our country from
this terrible war.
D GrimwoodIn remembrance of soldiers who died for everyone but are known by
none.
M Mouland100 years ago you gave your life so 100 years later I could live mine in
peace. I will never forget you.
S ThompsonFrom one Thompson to another, thank you for your sacrifice.
J GoddardYou did not die in vain, we will remember you
O GroverLest we forget …The times that passed, the physical and emotional
struggles that scarred, and your suffering for us.

Arundel Scouts Dream of Home and Remember

‘I remember … ‘

Reflections by members visiting the Great War Battlefields October 2018

There, in the trenches, amidst the thunder of exploding shells, the mud, the rain and the madness all around, were moments of stillness before the order to advance was given, in those moments thoughts turned to home.

I Remember ……

…when I sat on the beach with the crumbly sand between my fingers, the splashing waves filling the air with moisture …..

  • how my girl’s eyes light up when she sees me, how her smile will almost always make her cheeks burst, how her hair waves in the wind when she runs towards me with the sun glinting off her deep dark hair …
  • when I could sit on the banks of the river Arun watching the mullet chasing the tide back into town …

“As it was, the Ypres battlefield just represented a gigantic slough of despond into which floundered battalions, brigades and divisions of infantry without end to be shot to pieces or drowned until at last we had gained a few miles of liquid mud.” ¹

  1. Remember ……

… those summer days full of colour, relaxing in the bliss of silent peace …

  • when the Scouts were on parade, the tents were pitched and the fire burning..
  • when the sun shone as we ploughed the fields … when the birds sung as they darted and flew … when the breeze blew and the silence rang in my ears ..
  • when I used to walk through the woods and listen to the birdsong and looked forward to getting back to a warm fire ….

“In a matter of seconds a hissing and shrieking pandemonium broke loose. The sky was splashed with light. Rockets green, yellow and red darted in all directions and simultaneously a cyclone of bursting shells enveloped us.”²

I Remember ……

  • when you called me Mum, for my tea. Oh to hear your sweet voice again and feel your warmth flow over me. I remember seeing the river and the castle standing strong, walking in the clear air, knowing where I belong …

JR

…when our soldiers marched down Maltravers street with glory while being blinded from the horrible truth ( to come) … RB

… when I had a life full of opportunity; will I ever see it again … EC

“If any man tells you he went into the front line and he wasn’t scared … he’s a liar. You were scared from the moment you got there. You never knew. I mean in the trench you were all right. I mean, if you kept your head down a sniper couldn’t get you. But you never knew if the artillery had a shell that burst above you and you caught the shrapnel. That was it. It wasn’t worth it. No war is worth it. No war is worth the loss of a couple of lives let alone thousands. T’isn’t worth it … the first World War, if you boil it down, what was it? Nothing but a family row. That’s what caused it. T’isn’t worth it.” ³

I remember …..

  • when I would walk along the majestic river Arun on a late summer’s evening and watch the mist come down the valley like sift rolling waves coming towards me …
  • strolling along the South Downs in the height of Summer and looking at the fields glittering in the sun and the crops sway in the breeze …
  • the fresh cut crops blowing in the wind as manure stings our noses …
  • the first swallows returned for summer. We would watch them swoop to drink from the river and soar to feed from the skies …
  • the silence of a still winter’s day, the barren landscapes of frost … and I remember walking down a quiet lane with cow parsley and poppies, in the haze of summer …

“Hostilities will cease on the 11th day of the 11th month, after that

time all firing will cease. This was joyous news, approaching 11 o’clock in our sector; you could have heard a pin drop. When 11 o’clock came, there were loud cheers; the war was over as far as we were concerned.” ⁴

¹Charles Miller Inniskilling Fusiliers

Recorded on a memorial stone in the Island of Ireland Peace Park, Messines.

²J F B O’Sullivan 6th Connaught Rangers

Recorded on a memorial stone in the Island of Ireland Peace Park, Messines.

³Private Harry Patch 1898 – 2009  Recorded in Flanders Field Museum


  • Terence Poulter 7th Royal Dublin Fusiliers

Recorded on a memorial stone in the Island of Ireland Peace Park, Messines.

These extracts were collated and recorded in 1958 bySkipper H R Phillips and are based on contemporary recordsmade in the early years of the group by Messrs W H Ayling,F Kendall, J B Daughtry, R Haskett, R Swaffield,and T N Gunner.Additional information is included as a result of researchundertaken by a local group under the direction of the ArundelMuseum, with support from the Heritage Lottery Fund.Also included is a brief report on the Great War BattlefieldsTour undertaken by Arundel Scouts and Centurion ExplorerScouts in October 2018, on the 100th anniversary of the endof hostilities.Bob RendallExplorer Scout LeaderCenturion Explorers, Arundel


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